Water used this year
(million of liters)

retrieving data...

Global Water Use

Water Use by Country

Country Yearly
Water Used
(m³, thouand of liters)
Daily Water Used
Per Capita (liters)
Population
Afghanistan 20,280,000,000 2,674 20,779,953
Albania 1,311,000,000 1,173 3,063,021
Algeria 9,978,000,000 674 40,551,392
Angola 705,800,000 100 19,433,602
Antigua and Barbuda 11,500,000 348 90,409
Argentina 37,780,000,000 2,505 41,320,500
Armenia 2,847,000,000 2,649 2,944,791
Australia 16,130,000,000 1,821 24,262,712
Austria 3,492,000,000 1,138 8,409,949
Azerbaijan 12,780,000,000 3,556 9,845,320
Bahrain 434,400,000 835 1,425,792
Bangladesh 35,870,000,000 681 144,304,167
Barbados 81,000,000 803 276,323
Belarus 1,452,000,000 421 9,445,643
Belgium 6,005,000,000 1,515 10,859,940
Belize 101,000,000 1,119 247,315
Benin 130,000,000 50 7,076,733
Bhutan 338,000,000 1,379 671,613
Bolivia 2,088,000,000 579 9,884,781
Bosnia and Herzegovina 327,900,000 254 3,542,606
Botswana 201,300,000 255 2,159,927
Brazil 63,500,000,000 844 206,163,053
Bulgaria 5,629,000,000 2,142 7,199,741
Burkina Faso 818,000,000 167 13,421,930
Burundi 288,000,000 124 6,378,871
Côte d'Ivoire 1,162,000,000 141 22,647,684
Cabo Verde 22,000,000 138 435,709
Cambodia 2,184,000,000 444 13,477,709
Cameroon 966,400,000 171 15,513,945
Canada 35,730,000,000 2,717 36,026,676
Central African Republic 72,500,000 49 4,038,382
Chad 879,600,000 239 10,096,633
Chile 35,430,000,000 5,935 16,354,504
China 598,100,000,000 1,165 1,406,847,870
Colombia 11,770,000,000 729 44,254,975
Comoros 10,000,000 52 528,848
Congo 46,000,000 38 3,310,387
Costa Rica 3,194,000,000 1,805 4,847,804
Croatia 633,800,000 406 4,276,598
Cuba 6,959,000,000 1,690 11,282,723
Cyprus 317,000,000 742 1,170,187
Czech Republic (Czechia) 1,635,000,000 422 10,618,857
Denmark 652,000,000 318 5,610,903
Djibouti 19,000,000 73 717,584
Dominica 20,000,000 773 70,878
Dominican Republic 7,156,000,000 2,022 9,695,121
DR Congo 683,600,000 34 54,785,903
Ecuador 9,918,000,000 1,965 13,825,847
Egypt 77,500,000,000 2,202 96,442,591
El Salvador 2,118,000,000 959 6,052,123
Equatorial Guinea 17,400,000 79 606,181
Eritrea 582,000,000 586 2,719,803
Estonia 1,720,000,000 3,580 1,316,277
Eswatini 1,042,000,000 2,839 1,005,435
Ethiopia 10,550,000,000 279 103,603,462
Fiji 84,900,000 283 821,604
Finland 6,562,000,000 3,407 5,277,491
France 29,370,000,000 1,244 64,667,596
Gabon 139,100,000 274 1,390,549
Gambia 90,500,000 188 1,317,703
Georgia 1,823,000,000 1,206 4,142,655
Germany 25,330,000,000 855 81,174,367
Ghana 982,000,000 140 19,278,856
Greece 9,630,000,000 2,373 11,120,358
Grenada 14,100,000 355 108,902
Guatemala 3,324,000,000 680 13,397,021
Guinea 553,300,000 180 8,417,081
Guinea-Bissau 175,000,000 399 1,201,301
Guyana 1,445,000,000 5,283 749,436
Haiti 1,450,000,000 405 9,798,046
Honduras 1,607,000,000 620 7,106,319
Hungary 5,051,000,000 1,403 9,864,358
Iceland 278,300,000 2,309 330,243
India 761,000,000,000 1,689 1,234,281,170
Indonesia 222,600,000,000 2,332 261,556,381
Iran 93,300,000,000 3,707 68,951,281
Iraq 38,550,000,000 2,885 36,610,632
Ireland 757,000,000 461 4,494,576
Israel 1,954,000,000 837 6,396,514
Italy 34,190,000,000 1,546 60,578,494
Jamaica 1,354,000,000 1,276 2,906,236
Japan 81,450,000,000 1,736 128,555,189
Jordan 1,044,000,000 299 9,554,286
Kazakhstan 22,770,000,000 3,499 17,830,901
Kenya 4,032,000,000 225 49,051,534
Kuwait 913,200,000 1,171 2,136,997
Kyrgyzstan 8,007,000,000 4,281 5,124,382
Laos 3,493,000,000 1,664 5,751,676
Latvia 224,400,000 311 1,974,266
Lebanon 1,840,000,000 772 6,532,678
Lesotho 43,800,000 59 2,032,804
Liberia 130,800,000 126 2,848,456
Libya 5,830,000,000 2,541 6,285,748
Lithuania 2,768,000,000 2,665 2,845,414
Luxembourg 44,000,000 208 579,264
Madagascar 13,560,000,000 1,968 18,880,269
Malawi 1,357,000,000 294 12,625,952
Malaysia 11,200,000,000 1,194 25,690,611
Maldives 5,900,000 47 343,452
Mali 5,186,000,000 1,076 13,203,378
Malta 62,800,000 395 436,097
Mauritania 1,350,000,000 1,223 3,024,194
Mauritius 725,000,000 1,643 1,208,994
Mexico 86,580,000,000 1,923 123,333,376
Moldova 1,065,000,000 706 4,130,136
Monaco 5,000,000 389 35,226
Mongolia 462,400,000 414 3,056,364
Montenegro 160,900,000 706 624,275
Morocco 10,430,000,000 883 32,343,389
Mozambique 1,473,000,000 149 27,042,002
Myanmar 33,230,000,000 1,949 46,719,701
Namibia 288,000,000 426 1,851,523
Nepal 9,497,000,000 998 26,066,693
Netherlands 8,919,000,000 1,447 16,892,523
New Zealand 5,201,000,000 3,261 4,370,062
Nicaragua 1,545,000,000 717 5,903,039
Niger 1,747,000,000 230 20,788,798
Nigeria 12,470,000,000 216 158,503,197
North Korea 8,658,000,000 992 23,904,167
North Macedonia 551,200,000 731 2,065,426
Norway 3,026,000,000 1,757 4,719,402
Oman 1,321,000,000 1,517 2,386,166
Pakistan 183,500,000,000 2,929 171,648,986
Panama 1,211,000,000 822 4,037,078
Papua New Guinea 392,100,000 165 6,494,903
Paraguay 2,413,000,000 1,030 6,421,513
Peru 13,660,000,000 1,310 28,562,317
Philippines 85,140,000,000 2,250 103,663,816
Poland 10,580,000,000 763 37,989,220
Portugal 9,151,000,000 2,371 10,573,143
Puerto Rico 4,153,000,000 3,178 3,579,841
Qatar 444,000,000 1,406 865,416
Romania 6,374,000,000 882 19,796,285
Russia 69,500,000,000 1,311 145,275,383
Rwanda 150,000,000 52 7,933,681
Saint Kitts & Nevis 15,600,000 857 49,887
Saint Lucia 42,900,000 701 167,639
Sao Tome & Principe 40,900,000 551 203,227
Saudi Arabia 23,350,000,000 1,933 33,101,179
Senegal 2,221,000,000 592 10,283,699
Serbia 4,707,000,000 1,457 8,853,963
Seychelles 13,700,000 423 88,648
Sierra Leone 212,200,000 103 5,645,624
Slovakia 535,000,000 269 5,442,003
Slovenia 887,300,000 1,172 2,074,210
Somalia 3,298,000,000 921 9,815,412
South Africa 15,500,000,000 791 53,687,121
South Korea 29,200,000,000 1,643 48,701,073
South Sudan 658,000,000 183 9,830,699
Spain 32,850,000,000 1,924 46,777,925
Sri Lanka 12,950,000,000 1,815 19,544,988
St. Vincent & Grenadines 8,500,000 214 108,622
State of Palestine 363,600,000 215 4,635,654
Sudan 26,930,000,000 2,087 35,349,681
Suriname 615,900,000 3,339 505,295
Sweden 2,689,000,000 785 9,390,168
Switzerland 2,005,000,000 686 8,008,012
Syria 16,760,000,000 2,501 18,361,176
Tajikistan 11,490,000,000 4,547 6,922,587
Tanzania 5,184,000,000 402 35,334,788
Thailand 57,310,000,000 2,372 66,182,067
Timor-Leste 1,172,000,000 3,304 971,893
Togo 169,000,000 89 5,197,031
Trinidad and Tobago 383,200,000 786 1,336,178
Tunisia 4,875,000,000 1,168 11,433,443
Turkey 58,950,000,000 2,023 79,827,871
Turkmenistan 27,950,000,000 16,281 4,703,401
Uganda 637,000,000 57 30,431,736
Ukraine 9,862,000,000 604 44,713,702
United Arab Emirates 3,998,000,000 2,387 4,588,225
United Kingdom 8,420,000,000 348 66,297,944
United States 444,300,000,000 3,794 320,878,310
Uruguay 3,660,000,000 3,021 3,319,736
Uzbekistan 54,560,000,000 4,754 31,441,751
Venezuela 22,630,000,000 2,275 27,247,610
Vietnam 82,030,000,000 2,681 83,832,661
Yemen 3,565,000,000 486 20,107,409
Zambia 1,572,000,000 393 10,971,698
Zimbabwe 3,570,000,000 798 12,255,922

Total: 3,996,757,700,000 cubic meters

Definitions

Water Use: can refer to water withdrawn or water consumed. In our data it refers to water witdrawn.

  • Water withdrawn
    Water removed from a lake or river. A portion of this water is often returned to the source and is available to be used again, therefore this source is termed "renewable water source."
  • Water consumed
    Water removed for use and not returned to its source.

Sources and methods:

The data on water consumption in the world is provided by the United Nations (UN, UNESCO, and FAO, see list of publications below).

Worldwide, agriculture accounts for 70% of all water consumption, compared to 20% for industry and 10% for domestic use. In industrialized nations, however, industries consume more than half of the water available for human use. Belgium, for example, uses 80% of the water available for industry.

Freshwater withdrawals have tripled over the last 50 years. Demand for freshwater is increasing by 64 billion cubic meters a year (1 cubic meter = 1,000 liters)

  • The world’s population is growing by roughly 80 million people each year.
  • Changes in lifestyles and eating habits in recent years are requiring more water consumption per capita.
  • The production of biofuels has also increased sharply in recent years, with significant impact on water demand. Between 1,000 and 4,000 litres of water are needed to produce a single litre of biofuel.
  • Energy demand is also accelerating, with corresponding implications for water demand.

Almost 80% of diseases in so called "developing" countries are associated with water, causing some three million early deaths. For example, 5,000 children die every day from diarrhoea, or one every 17 seconds.

References and useful links

  • AQUASTAT - by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO): Information System on Water and Agriculture
  • Local flow regulation and irrigation raise global human water consumption and footprint. Science (December 2015)
  • Hoekstra, AY (2012). "The Water Footprint of Humanity". PNAS.
  • World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP) - monitors freshwater issues in order to provide recommendations, develop case studies, enhance assessment capacity at a national level and inform the decision-making process. Its primary product, the World Water Development Report (WWDR), is a periodic, comprehensive review providing an authoritative picture of the state of the world’s freshwater resources.
  • UN Water - organizes the World Water Week and World Water Day
  • Water Data - from The World’s Water, Pacific Institute
  • Global Water Outlook to 2025: Averting an Impending Crisis, Dealing with Scarcity, Policy Responses to the Threat of Scarcity - three separate publications published by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
  • Toward a world of thirst ? - by GRID-Arendal, an official United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) collaborating centre - given the volume of available water, and under the present circumstances, will it be possible to provide enough water to a population forecast to be at least 9 billion by 2050 (according to the medium hypothesis proposed by the United Nations) using a volume which will be roughly the same as it is now?